Form I-9 requirements temporarily relaxed for remote employers

By: Ann Potratz

Publication: Employment Law & Regulatory Alert

Date Posted: 04/06/2020

Form I-9 Deffered During COVID-19

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) will allow fully remote employers to defer the in-person review requirement for Forms I-9. The reprieve ends May 19, or three days after the end of the national emergency, whichever comes first.

Employers with any onsite employees will still need to review the documents in person, and all employers must still review Section 2 documents with employees within three business days of the first day of work. Employers may review Section 2 documents from a distance, using video conference, email, or fax. If this approach is used, employers should enter “COVID-19” as the reason for delay.

When business returns to normal, employers will be required to conduct an in-person review per the normal standards, entering the date of that review with a note under additional information for Section 2.

If your workplace has both remote and onsite employees, you’ll still need to conduct the review in person. However, you now have more options for reviewing the forms without actually sharing a physical space.

Previously, the guidelines required employers to lean on notaries, attorneys, or business associates to complete remote Forms I-9. For now, however, the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) has said that anyone, even an employee’s family member, can review them and attest to their authenticity. The key is for employers to remember that they are still responsible for the accuracy and truthfulness, so it’s important to know the individual reviewing the documents understands the obligation.


Key to remember: Form I-9 in-person review requirements have been substantially relaxed for remote employers due to the COVID-19 pandemic. However, employers must remember that they are ultimately responsible for the form’s accuracy, no matter what the situation.

About the author
Ann Potratz - Human Resources Editor

Ann is an editor on the Human Resources Publishing Team, she specializes in employment law issues such as discrimination, sexual harassment, background checks, terminations, and security.

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